As you may know Salut is French for hi. So as you may have guessed the theme for this Pomme will probably be something French. If you did bravo, if not then I will tell you. The theme for this Pomme is…
As I am going on a school trip with my Latin class to Paris next Thursday , I have decided to do a little Did you know on France’s capital city, Paris.
Did You Know
- Spread over the world there are 38 cities named Paris
- The oldest bridge in Paris, built in 1604, is ironically named “Le Pont Neuf” which is French for “The New Bridge”.
- The “Reseau Express Regional” was originally going to be called the “Metro Express Regional Defense-Etoile” but it had to be changed as the initials spell M.E.R.D.E
- As a great fan of books I had to put down this one: Paris is the city with the most libraries. It currently has a total of 830.
- There are exactly 470,000 trees in Paris, and we know this thanks to people who went around and counted them. We greatly appreciate it.
- The people of Paris love dogs. The number of dogs goes over half a million. Some restaurants where dogs are allowed have a special vacuum cleaner especially to clean up after the dogs.
A History of Paris
Paris was first habituated by the Parisii in the 3rd century BC. The Romans conquered Paris in 52 BC and changed the name to Lutetia. They made a forum, temples, theatres and an amphitheatre. At the end of the western roman empire the towns name had changed again, to Parisius. The town was introduced to Christianity mid 3rd century AD by saint Denis, the first Bishop of Paris. Clovis the Frank who was the first king of the Merovingian dynasty declared the city of Parisius the capital and changed the name yet again, to Paris. Under the rule of Hugh Capet Paris became the largest, most prosperous city in France. At the end of the 12th century Paris became the political, religious, cultural and economic capital of France. In 1190, Philip Augustus, the current king, transformed Paris’s cathedral school into the University of Paris which drew in students from all over Europe. In 1328 Paris became Europe most populated city with 200,000 inhabitants compared with London’s 80,000 in 1300. During the Hundred Years War Paris was occupied by the English under Henry V until 1436 when it was liberated. In 1682 Paris was replaced as the capital of France by Versailles when king Louis XIV moved his court there. In 1789 the French Revolution took center stage in Paris when on the 14 of July a mob got a hold of thousands of guns and stormed the Bastille which was a symbol of the royal authority. The first city council met in the Hotel de Ville on the 15 of July and elected the astronomer Jean Sylvain Bailly as Mayor. Louis XVI and his family were made prisoners and imprisoned inside the Tuileries. In 1793 as the revolution became more violent the king, the queen and the mayor were guillotined along with over 16,000 other during the Reign of Terror. On the 9 of November 1799 Napoleon Bonaparte seized power as the First Consul. He replaced the elected government in Paris with a prefect who only reported to him and put up monuments to military glory including the Arc de Triomphe. The July Revolution of 1830 brought a new monarch, Louis Philippe I who opened the first railway in Paris in 1837. He was overthrown during a popular uprising in the streets of Paris in 1848 and was succeeded by Napoleon III.
A tout a l’heure
That is all the history for today folks. As usual the next Pomme will come out in two weeks time. I hope you enjoyed the Pomme and learned lots of new and interesting facts about the City of Light, Paris (did you know that Paris was not only called the City of Lights because of its intelectuall influence but because it was the first European town to use gas lamps to illuminate its streets). Until next time.